At the end of 1978, with the height of the Islamic Revolution, foreign experts in the oil industry gradually left Iran, and Iranian experts assumed their duties with endurance problems and dominated the oil industry and continued exploitation, unless strikes throughout the oil industry units It stopped or reduced its activities, and by the order of Imam Khomeini, internal activities continued for the comfort of the people. After the victory of the Islamic Revolution, the whispers of Saddam Hussein’s provocation from Naftshahr, Abadan and border areas could be heard that finally on September 20, 1980, the Iraqi army invaded Iran and bombed the oil facilities. The war started at this time. Filling the shortage of foreign experts should rebuild the bombed facilities as soon as possible, which was done by sacrificing the well-known oil industry workers, and gradually confronting the oil industry to a front to reduce and cut off the energy needed by the people. And became battlefields and crude oil exports. Therefore, the oil area of the city was destroyed and the Abadan refinery was stopped and the shortage of products was felt. Immediately, Isfahan and Tabriz refineries were set up and the relevant pipelines of imported origin units were set up for the shortage of petroleum products and to compensate for the shortage of Abadan refinery products. At the same time, the bombing of oil facilities continued during the 8 years of war, which was compensated by the reconstruction of the facilities as soon as possible.
What happened was the result of the efforts of the oil industry staff to compensate for the shortage of foreign experts, the reconstruction of bombed facilities and the reduction of petroleum products, which left a golden page in the history of the Islamic Revolution to maintain and operate the oil industry.
During the reconstruction and commissioning of the projects left before the revolution, deep thinking about the technology and quality of foreign goods was scrutinized, which gained a lot of experience from the shortcomings of foreign goods installed in the projects, which motivated them to start making goods in Iran. We found defects in the manufacture of foreign goods such as gas turbines, electric motors, pumps, control systems, power substations, mechanical floods, compressors, filters, and so on.
After the end of the war and the major reconstruction of the oil facilities, the idea of building inside the required goods started and started from small items and was successful and the confidence in the ability to build inside the oil items was strengthened, which flowed as an island in the oil industry. Start and start in the refining and distribution company that served the humble construction of 1300 kW 6000 V electric motor – PLC control system for controlling gas turbines – hot blade of gas turbine – mechanical seal – radioactive leak detector – wireless – call centers – transmitter – turbine Steam – gasoline engine – measures the intensity of PD oil flow And Turbine – a gasoline octane booster – a 600,000-barrel aluminum floating roof and catalysts and other items were successfully completed and all put into operation.
But the construction of catalysts started in 2000, which was met with resistance and opposition, but the belief that we can defeat the opposition and sabotage, and first began to collect specifications – operating conditions – annual consumption – the most consumed – the most expensive ها شد. Then, the list of all chemistry doctorates of the country’s universities – research institutes and related private sector information was prepared and in the next stage, research contracts were concluded – samples and tests were prepared in the Petroleum Industry Research Institute and their problems were fixed. Mass production of catalysts:
Merox with Pars Pigment and Catalyst Industries Company
Steam reforming with Sarv Oil and Gas Company
Active Alumina with Gohar Ceram Company
Gamma Alumina with Nanopars Espadana Company
LTSC with Pars Catalyst Pishgaman Company
At the rate of five-year consumption of the country’s refineries in exchange for 50% prepayment of the entire contract against the final promissory note. Thus, the production and consumption of catalysts became local despite the resistance, and today at the end of 2016, more than 60 types of adsorbents and catalysts have been produced and consumed in Iran.
Due to the resistance and lack of understanding of manufacturing technology by the certifying authorities, unfortunately, the following projects failed.
1- Construction of 5000 hp gas turbine, which is being done by the private sector today.
2- Smart courier with Sharif University, which is currently one of the 10 projects of the Ministry of Oil.
3- Construction of 900 class pump with a capacity of 100 thousand barrels
4- Making copper electrode ingots on aluminum
5- Making a wireless transmitter
6- Construction of speed control of induction motors, which is now one of the 10 projects of the Ministry of Oil
7- Electroflow (reduction of electricity consumption)
8- Using turbine exhaust heat for heating and cooling
And other projects
1- Any commodity that the oil industry wants is made.
2- Lack of courage, will and multiplicity of opinions of managers and experts
3- Lack of manufacturing engineering chain in the oil industry, which is still an island product.
4- Non-implementation of production protection laws and weakness of some of them
Thanks – Seyed Ali Mir Mohammadi – Secretary of the Association
Catalysts have been used in industries such as oil, gas and petrochemicals for hundreds of years, and many large industrial processes can only be performed with the help of catalysts. However, it was not until the 1970s that catalysts became known to the general public for their extensive development in environmental protection. Catalysts for cars, for example, are well known and widely used.
Catalyst in the field of multidisciplinary chemistry, especially industrial chemistry. Anyone who deals with chemical reactions is ultimately dealing with catalysts and sorbents.
Catalysts have grown rapidly over the years and many new applications of catalysts and sorbents can be observed. For obvious reasons in various industrial fields, catalyst is the key to success in the development of new processes in various industrial fields.
Catalyst is the key to chemical change. In addition, catalyst is one of the most important technologies in environmental protection. In addition to accelerating reactions, catalysts have another important property that affects the selectivity of chemical reactions.
Thus, using different catalytic systems, different products can be obtained from the same raw materials. Most processes involved in the processing of crude oil, gas and petrochemicals, such as purification-refining and chemical conversion processes, require catalysts. Environmental protection activities such as car exhaust control, exhaust gas purification and power plants and industrial facilities are unthinkable without catalysts.
Catalyst in Iran is considered more in terms of environment and air pollution, but it is widely used in petroleum industries and in fact is used in the heart of processes and has a very high sensitivity, which causes the lack of development of construction. They have been in the country.
The life of catalyst and adsorbent manufacturing in Iran started in the 2001s and has developed relatively well. In the last decade, most of the catalysts and adsorbents required by the oil, gas, refining, petrochemical and steel industries have been manufactured and consumed in Iran. Unfortunately, the lack of ideas and the will to implement has slowed down the development of technology in this industry.